VEGAN DIET FOR BABIES III: FULL RECIPES & MEAL PLANS FOR 10-12 MONTHS OLDS

Continued from: Raising a Vegan Baby: A Complete Guide On Vegan Infant Diet, Health And Nutrition

 Vegan Diet For Babies I: General Guide on What, When, And How Much

and

Vegan Diet For Babies II: Full Recipes & Meals Plans For 7-9 Months Old

By 10-12 months of age, a baby should be able to manage a range of minced and chopped foods, and be offered three meals a day, as well as having breastmilk or about three infant formula feeds. A 10-12 month old baby might have an eating pattern something like the one shown below.

Example menu plan for 10-12 month old vegan baby


vegan meal plans for vegan babies

Breakfast            

  • Cereal or other breakfast
  • Fruit as a finger food
  • Breastmilk or first infant formula
  • Sleep

Lunch   

  • Savory meal
  • Savory finger food
  • Dessert
  • Water in a cup to drink
  • Breastmilk or first infant formula
  • Sleep

Tea       

  • Savory meal
  • Savory finger food
  • Dessert
  • Fruit finger food

Before bed         

Breastmilk or first infant formula

How much food does a 10-12 month old vegan baby need?

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To complement the energy that a baby will get from breastmilk or about 400ml of infant formula, it is estimated that a 10-12 month old will need about 450kcals a day from food. However, this figure is an average and babies will have variable appetites and energy needs and should be encouraged to eat to appetite. It is estimated that a 10-12 month old will need about 9.7g protein, 325mg calcium, 5.8mg iron and 2.6mg zinc from their food each day (as well as the fat, carbohydrate and a range of other vitamins and minerals that their foods will provide). We have used these average figures to calculate the amount of food and types of food that will meet a baby’s needs at this age.

Breastfed vegan babies

Breastfed babies will still be fed responsively by their mums, and as food intake increases, breastmilk intake will decline. It is important to offer increasing amounts of food at meals to ensure babies get all the nutrients they need, as well as the opportunity to get used to a wide range of tastes and textures, and the enjoyment of eating with others. There is no need to know how much milk a breastfed baby has – mums will follow their baby’s cues, and of course a breastfeed may also be about comfort and nurturing as well as about a feed.

Formula-fed vegan babies


Formula-fed babies will probably have about 400ml of infant formula a day in a bottle or cup at 10-12 months. How these drinks are spaced throughout the day will depend on the family schedule. It is important babies don’t fill up on milk before meals as they may be less interested in trying new foods and eating increasing amounts, so milk drinks may fit in better before naps or after meals.

Vitamin D

It is recommended that all breastfed babies should receive a supplement of 8.5-10 micrograms of vitamin D a day from birth, or in some areas from

1 month of age. Families should always follow the advice of the health professional who advises their family.

What consistency should the food be?


Foods for babies of this age should be minced and chopped rather than mashed, and babies who are eating well can be introduced to some harder foods to get them used to biting and chewing. Cut harder foods into small pieces so that the baby can’t bite off too large a piece and choke.

Finger foods for 10-12 month old vegan babies

vegan recipes for babies

By 10-12 months, babies can start to have a bigger range of finger foods with their meals. These can include raw fruit and vegetables, and crunchy and chewy foods.

Examples of finger foods for 10-12 month olds include the following:

Raw fruit and vegetable pieces (with any pips and stones removed) – such as apple, pear, banana, orange segments, halved cherries or grapes, cucumber, carrot, pepper or green beans

Dried fruit – such as chopped soft dried prunes or ready-to-eat apricots

Starchy foods such as breadsticks, rice cakes, bread crusts, pitta bread strips, toast, potato, yam or pasta

Other foods for vegan babies

– tofu or Seitan

– cooked soft peas and chopped beans

– pulses such as cooked lentils

– nut or seed butters (such as tahini) on strips of bread or pitta bread.

Portion sizes for vegan babies

It is important not to worry about portion sizes at this age. There will be mess, there will be days when babies eat a lot less than others, and some foods may be rejected completely the first time they are offered.

The golden rules

Offer simple and unprocessed foods.

Let baby get involved in the eating experience.

Avoid ultra-processed foods.

Offering a variety of the example meals and finger foods shown below, alongside breastmilk or infant infant formula and any recommended vitamin supplements, provide an average 10-12 month old baby with the energy and nutrients they need for growth and activity.

Never force babies to eat, and accept that learning to eat is part of overall development. We don’t force babies to crawl at a certain age, and babies will vary in the speed at which they accept new foods and foods textures. It is not a race.

Encouraging drinking from a cup

The only drinks that are recommended for 10-12 month olds are breastmilk or an appropriate infant formula milk, and water. Infants should be encouraged to drink from an open cup and can be offered sips of water from a small baby cup or an open-handled cup at mealtimes.

Using spoons

It is important to encourage infants to feed themselves with their fingers and also to use cutlery. Babies enjoy holding spoons and can be gently encouraged to use them to feed themselves at mealtimes, bearing in mind that this will be a slow, variable and messy process at times.

Example vegan meals for 10-12 month old vegan babies

All of the recipes included in this section are also suitable for vegetarians and for those on dairy-free and/ or egg-free diets. We have also indicated which recipes are gluten-free.

Vegan breakfasts for 10-12 month vegan babies

Gram flour ‘omelette’ with baked beans. Finger food: Fried mushrooms

Porridge made with soya milk alternative, with apple and fig compôte.

Finger food: Canned peach

Shredded wheat with soya milk alternative and raisins. Finger food: Sliced banana

Soya yoghurt with pear and prune compôte. Finger food: Toast with dairy-free fat spread

Vegan savoury meals for 10-12 month olds

Butternut squash and coconut stew. Finger food: Pieces of boiled potato

Pasta with savoury soya mince. Finger food: Cooked green beans

Peanut butter and banana sandwiches. Finger food: Carrot sticks

Potato, pea and cauliflower mash. Finger food: Fried tofu cubes

Ratatouille with mashed potato. Finger food: Peas

Sweet potato and red pepper stew. Finger food: Rice cakes

Tofu and spinach scramble with mashed potato. Finger food: Sliced avocado

Tofu, red pepper and rice. Finger food: Baby sweetcorn

Vegan desserts for 10-12 month olds

Apple crumble. Finger food: Pear

Custard made with soya milk alternative and pears. Finger food: Sliced grapes

Poached pear with soya yoghurt. Finger food: Raspberries

Semolina made with soya milk alternative and prune purée. Finger food: Banana

Vegan Breakfast Recipes For Babies

Gram flour ‘omelette’ with baked beans

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 100g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

4 tablespoons chick pea flour (also called gram flour)

150ml water

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1 small can (220g) low-salt and low-sugar baked beans

Method

Mix the chick pea flour with the water to form a smooth batter.

Heat the vegetable oil in a frying pan.

Pour in the batter and cook as a pancake until set. Cut into fingers.

Serve with baked beans. Make sure the ‘omelette’ and beans are cool before serving.

Finger food: Fried mushrooms

Porridge made with soy milk alternative, with apple and fig compôte

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 150g (120g porridge and 30g compôte).

Apple and fig compôte

Ingredients

1/2 small apple, peeled, cored and finely chopped

4 figs (dried, ready-to-eat), finely chopped

1/3 teaspoon cinnamon powder

100ml water

Method

Place all the ingredients in a pan and bring to the boil, and then simmer until the fruit is soft. Cool before serving.

Finger food: Canned peach

Use peaches canned in juice, drained.

Porridge

Ingredients

500ml unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

75g porridge oats

Method

Place the oats and milk in a non-stick saucepan.

Heat gently until boiling, and then turn the heat down and simmer, stirring occasionally, until the oats ar softened and have absorbed the milk.

Serve the porridge with a tablespoon of compôte.

Finger food: Canned peach

Use peaches canned in juice, drained.

Shredded wheat with soy milk alternative and raisins

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 140g.

Ingredients

4 shredded wheat

450ml unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

40g raisins

Method

  1. Crumble the shredded wheat and add the soya milk alternative.
  2. Sprinkle in the raisins and stir.

Finger food: Sliced banana

Soy yogurt with pear and prune compote

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free

Ingredients

1/2 ripe pear, peeled, cored and finely diced

10 canned prunes, drained and finely chopped

400g unsweetened soya yoghurt

Method

  1. Mix together the chopped pear and prunes to make a compôte.
  2. Place a tablespoon of compôte on the soya yoghurt.

Finger food: Toast with dairy-free fat spread.

Cut the toast into fingers.

Savory Vegan Recipes For Vegan Babies 10-12 months old

Butternut squash and coconut stew

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

1/3 butternut squash, peeled, de-seeded and finely cubed

1 small carrot, peeled and finely chopped

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1 small onion, peeled and finely diced

1 tablespoon canned or frozen sweetcorn

200ml coconut milk (half of a 400ml can)

Method

Cook the butternut squash and carrot in boiling water until soft.

Heat the oil in a pan, add the onion and cook until softened.

Add the squash, carrot, sweetcorn and coconut milk to the onion and simmer, with the lid on, for about 10 minutes.

Finger food: Pieces of boiled potato

Pasta with savory soy mince

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g.

Ingredients

100g macaroni

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1/2 small onion, peeled and finely diced

120g frozen soya mince

1 tablespoon tomato purée

2 tablespoons water

Method

Cook the macaroni in boiling water until tender, following the instructions on the packet.

Heat the oil in a pan and fry the onion until soft.

Add the frozen soya mince, tomato purée and water, and simmer until the ingredients are thoroughly heated through.

Chop the cooked macaroni and mix it with the mince sauce. Allow to cool before serving.

Finger food: Cooked green beans

Peanut butter and banana sandwiches

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 70g.

Ingredients

4 slices wholemeal bread

80g (2 heaped tablespoons) smooth peanut butter

1 large banana, peeled and sliced

Method

Spread two slices of bread with peanut butter and cover with sliced banana.

Cut the sandwiches into fingers.

Finger food: Carrot sticks

Potato, pea and cauliflower mash

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

2 large potatoes, peeled and diced

1/4 cauliflower, cut into florets

4 tablespoons frozen peas, defrosted

tablespoon dairy-free fat spread

tablespoon unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

Method

Boil the potato until tender. Place a colander over the potato as it cooks and steam the cauliflower in it until soft.

Drain the potato and return it immediately to the pan along with the cauliflower and peas. Stir until the peas are warmed through.

Add the fat spread and milk, and mash the ingredients together to a lumpy consistency.

Finger food: Fried tofu cubes.

Tofu can be hard for a baby to hold. To make firmer cubes, remove excess liquid by placing the tofu block under a weighted plate and leaving it for 5 to 10 minutes. Cut the tofu into cubes and gently fry on all sides until slightly browned. Allow to cool before serving.

Ratatouille with mashed potato

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

1/2 small onion, peeled and diced

1 small courgette, topped, tailed and cubed

1/4 small aubergine, cubed

1/4 small green pepper, de-seeded and diced

1 medium tomato, cored and diced

120ml water

2 tablespoons tomato purée

1 large potato, peeled and diced

1 tablespoon unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

 

Method

In a pan, combine all the ingredients except for the potato and milk, and bring to the boil.

Simmer, stirring occasionally, until all the vegetables are tender and the sauce has thickened.

Cook the potato until tender and mash with the soya milk alternative.

Chop the ratatouille as required. Allow both the potato and the ratatouille to cool before serving.

Finger food: Peas

 

Sweet potato and red pepper stew

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

1/2 sweet potato, peeled and diced

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1/2 small onion, peeled and finely chopped

1/2 red pepper, cored, de-seeded and diced

1/2 carrot, peeled and diced

1 tablespoon frozen peas

1 small can (200g) chopped tomatoes

1/4 tablespoon chopped parsley

Method

Cook the sweet potato in boiling water until soft, and then drain.

Heat the oil in a pan, add the onion, and cook until softened.

Add the pepper, carrot and peas and cook for 1 minute.

Add the tomatoes and parsley and simmer with the lid on for about 20 minutes until the vegetables are soft.

Add the sweet potato and heat through.

Allow to cool and then chop to the desired consistency.

Finger food: Rice cakes

Tofu and spinach scramble with mashed potato

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

150g tofu, drained

150g spinach (fresh or frozen)

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1 large potato, peeled and diced

2 tablespoons unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

Method

Mash the tofu and finely chop the spinach. (If using frozen spinach, defrost it and then chop it.)

Heat the oil in a frying pan. Add the spinach and tofu and fry for 2 to 3 minutes until the spinach is wilted or cooked. Chop if needed, to provide a roughly chopped texture.

Cook the potato until tender and mash with the milk.

Serve the spinach and tofu mixture with the mash, making sure both are cool before serving.

Finger food: Sliced avocado

Tofu, red pepper and rice

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 120g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

1 teaspoon vegetable oil

1/2 small onion, peeled and finely diced

1/2 red pepper, de-seeded and finely chopped

50g white rice

150ml boiling water

120g tofu, drained

Method

Heat the oil in a pan and fry the onions until soft.

Add the red pepper and stir for about 1 minute.

Add the rice and boiling water, stir, bring to the boil and then simmer with a lid on for about 10 minutes until the rice has absorbed the water.

Cut the tofu into cubes and add it to the rice mixture.

Allow to cool before serving.

Finger food: Baby sweetcorn

Vegan Dessert Recipes for 10-12 months old Babies

Apple crumble

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 60g.

Ingredients

1 large eating apple, peeled, cored and diced

2 tablespoons fresh orange juice

tablespoon dairy-free fat spread

2 tablespoons flour

tablespoon oats

Method

Heat the oven to 180oC / 350oF / Gas 4.

Place the apple in the bottom of a small ovenproof dish and pour over the orange juice.

In a separate bowl, rub the fat spread into the flour and oats until it is a crumbly texture.

Sprinkle the dry mixture over the apples and bake in the oven for about 15 minutes.

Allow to cool before serving.

The crumble could be served with soya custard, soya yoghurt or soya cream.

Finger food: Pear

Custard made with soya milk alternative and pears

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 100g. Gluten-free

Ingredients

1 heaped tablespoon custard powder

350ml unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

2 ripe pears, peeled, cored and diced

Method

Mix the custard powder and 2 tablespoons of the soya milk alternative together to make a smooth paste.

Bring the remaining milk to the boil in a saucepan.

Pour the custard paste slowly into the boiling milk, stirring all the time.

Bring to the boil, stirring continuously until it thickens.

If the pears are not ripe, poach them in a little water until soft. Stir the diced pears into the cooled custard.

Finger food: Sliced grapes.

Be careful not to serve large pieces that a baby might choke on.

Poached pear with soy yogurt

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 100g. Gluten-free.

Ingredients

2 large pears, peeled, cored and quartered

200g unsweetened soy yogurt

Method

Place the pear quarters in a saucepan and just cover with water. Simmer gently until soft.

Allow the pears to cool, and then slice them and serve with the soy yogurt.

Finger food: Raspberries

Semolina made with soy milk alternative and prune purée

vegan recipes for babies

This recipe makes 4 portions of about 100g.

Ingredients

50g semolina

350ml unsweetened calcium-fortified soya milk alternative

150g prunes canned in juice (about half of a 290g can), drained

Method

Place the semolina and soya milk alternative in a pan and bring to the boil. Reduce the heat and simmer until soft, stirring regularly.

To make the purée, push the prunes through a sieve.

Allow the semolina to cool and then serve it with the prune purée.

Finger food: Banana

Stay tuned for the next Chapter! VEGAN DIET FOR BABIES III: FULL RECIPES & MEALS PLANS FOR 1-4 Year Olds

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